Bezalel's Ability To Share The Stage Made Him a Leader
These divrei Torah were adapted from the hashkafa portion of Rabbi
Yissocher Frand's Commuter Chavrusah Tapes on the weekly portion:
Tape # 585, The Melacha of Trapping. Good Shabbos!
The Talmud states: "There are three things that the Almighty Himself
proclaims: Famine (ra'av), Abundance (sovah), and a good leader (parnas
tov)." [Berachos 55a]. The Gemara cites pasukim [verses] to prove each of
these points. The pasuk [verse] cited to prove that the Almighty Himself
proclaims a good leader is the pasuk from Parshas Vayakhel: "See, Hashem
has proclaimed by name, Bezalel son of Uri son of Chur, of the tribe of
Yehudah." [Shmos 35:30].
Bezalel was the general contractor, so to speak, behind the construction
of the Mishkan. He perhaps had artistic ability. He was a good organizer.
He was talented. But it is strange that the Gemara refers to him as a
'parnas tov'. Where do we see leadership qualities in Bezalel? He
succeeded in getting the job done under budget and on time -– he was a
good general contractor. But in what sense does that make him a good
leader (parnas tov)?
The Yalkut Shimoni on this week's parsha contains the following teaching:
During the building of the Mishkan, two tribes had a partnership -– the
tribe of Yehudah (as represented by Bezalel) and the tribe of Dan (as
represented by Oholiav ben Achisamach) had a partnership.
Why did they need two tribes for the project? In truth, G-d did not need
anyone to build the Mishkan, but it certainly would have been sufficient
to provide just one tribe. Bezalel could have done the job alone. With his
G-d given talents, he did not need a partner. Nonetheless, the Medrash
emphasizes that the Mishkan had to be built by two tribes.
Rav Chaim Zaytchik, zt"l, writes that this Medrash allows us to better
understand the previously cited Gemara that labeled Bezalel as a 'parnas
tov.' There are many people who are interested in getting involved in
communal work as long as they will have the spotlight by themselves. They
are in it so that when the job gets done, they will be able to say: "Look,
what I've done!" But if you ask them to be a co-chairman, to share the job
and responsibilities, and as such, to share the limelight and glory, they
say -- "under those circumstances, I am not interested."
The Almighty is looking for people who work lishma [altruistically]. He
wants people who are interested in efforts for the Sake of Heaven, not for
the sake of an ego trip. The true test of a person's motive is whether he
will tolerate a partner. Therefore, the first test that the Ribono shel
Olam gave Bezalel -– to see whether he was the man for the job -– was to
assign him a co-chairman. "I want you to work with someone, with someone
who is not even from the prestigious tribe of Yehudah, but from the
"lowly" Tribe of Dan. In accepting this partner, Bezalel showed us how to
be a leader (parnas tov).
Why State The Obvious?
The Parsha begins "And Moshe assembled the entire assembly of the Children
of Israel and said to them..." [Shmos 35:1]. The section ends some twenty
pasukim later with the words: "The entire assembly of Israel left Moshe's
presence." [Shmos 35:20] Moshe told them what he needed to tell them and
If this was a Talmudic passage, the Gemara would analyze it, asking, "This
is obvious – what is the Torah telling us?" It goes without saying that if
Moshe Rabbeinu summoned them to deliver a message, that when he was
through delivering that message they would all walk out. Why does the
Torah that never wastes words need to include pasuk 20 at the conclusion
of the narration?
Rav Elya Lopian says that the pasuk is teaching that when the Jews walked
away from Moshe Rabbeinu, it was evident that they had been in the
presence of a Moshe Rabbeinu. One does not spend time in the presence of a
great Jewish leader without having an indelible impression left upon him.
Certainly this is true immediately after the encounter. Often the
impression lasts a lifetime.
The pasuk "The entire assembly of Israel left Moshe's presence" teaches
that the impression was "written on their faces" and they were a changed
people because they spent time with a Moshe Rabbeinu. Rav Elya explains
that when we see someone staggering drunk on the street and we ask
ourselves "where was he?" the answer is obvious. He was in a bar getting
So too, when we see a person who was in the presence of a Moshe Rabbeinu,
it is evident where the person was. He was in the presence of holiness.
Such is the influence of any environment. When one is in a holy
environment, when one is in the presence of a holy congregation, when one
is with spiritually great individuals, it makes an impression and it makes
a difference. And the opposite is true as well.
The Ponevitzer Rav, of Blessed and Holy memory, once offered a great
interpretation to a Medrash in Parshas Toldos: Yosef Meshisa was a
despicable Jew. He was a traitor to his people. When it came time destroy
the Temple, the Gentile invaders were afraid to walk into the Holy
Sanctuary. They picked a Jew to walk in first and betray his G-d. Who did
they pick? They picked this low-life Yosef Meshisha. They told him to go
in to the Temple and as a reward, he could take anything he wanted for
himself. He went in and took out the Golden Menorah. When the Gentiles saw
what he took, they told him that this was too great a prize for a
commoner. They told him that he could go back in and take something else
that was more appropriate. This time they promised that he could keep
whatever he found.
However, he refused to go in a second time. They offered him a bonus. If
he went in a second time, they would give him all the collected tax from
Judea for the next 3 years. He still refused. "Is it not sufficient that I
angered my G-d once, should I anger Him a second time?" They tortured him
until he died, but he refused to go back in.
The Ponevitzer Rav asked – what happened to Yosef Meshisa? This was the
traitor whom the Gentiles picked as being the most likely Jew to do their
bidding in desecrating the Temple. He already went in and stole the
Menorah. Now he suddenly became a Ba'al Teshuva and refused to ever do it
again, despite the offer of riches and despite the torturing. What
happened to him?
The Ponnevitzer Rav explained what happened to him. He was in the Beis
HaMikdash for two minutes. He was never the same again. The influence of
being in a Holy Place for two minutes changed his life.
If a person is exposed to radiation, he doesn't smell it; he doesn't feel
it; two minutes of exposure can change his whole body. Likewise, one can
be exposed to kedusha [holiness] for two minutes and become a different
That is what this pasuk is teaching us. The congregation left the presence
of Moshe... but they were not the same anymore. They were not the same
Jews because they had been in the presence of a great man. Being in the
presence of a great man, or even being in the presence of a holy place -–
a Beis Medrash, a Beis Knesses [House of Study; House of Prayer], being in
Eretz Yisroel [the Land of Israel] can change a person's life.
This is why environment, friends, and community are so important. Such is
the power of holiness. It can change a person forever.
This write-up was adapted from the hashkafa portion of Rabbi Yissocher
Frand's Commuter Chavrusah Torah Tape series on the weekly Torah portion.
The complete list of halachic topics covered in this series for Parshas
Vayakhel-Pekudei are provided below:
Tape # 047 - Pikuach Nefesh: To Save a Life
Tape # 090 - The Melacha of Carrying.
Tape # 138 - The Melacha of Tying Knots
Tape # 185 - The Melacha of Writing
Tape # 231 - Making A Siyum
Tape # 275 - Electricity in Halacha
Tape # 321 - Leap Year and the Second Adar
Tape # 365 - The Melacha of Tearing
Tape # 409 - The Melacha of Melabain (Laundering)
Tape # 453 - Wearing a Watch on Shabbos
Tape # 497 - The Tefillah of B'rich Sh'mei
Tape # 541 - Learning Kabbalah
Tape # 585 – The Melacha of Trapping
Tape # 629 – Sitting in Judgement on Shabos
Tape # 672 – The Mishebeirach in Halacha
Tape # 673 – Putting a Sefer Torah in the Aron
Tape # 717 - One Hundred Brochos a Day
Tape # 761 – Killing Two Birds With One Stone
Tape # 805 – Baruch Sh'omar Ashrei, and Yishtabach
Tpae # 849 – Saying L'shem Yichud – A Good Idea?
Tapes or a complete catalogue can be ordered from the
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Call (410) 358-0416 or e-mail [email protected] or visit
http://www.yadyechiel.org/ for further information.
Text Copyright © 2007 by Rabbi Yissocher Frand and Torah.org.
Transcribed by David Twersky; Seattle, Washington.
Technical Assistance by Dovid Hoffman; Yerushalayim.
Rav Frand Books and Audio Tapes are now available for sale! Thanks to www.yadyechiel.org and Artscroll.com.