Rabbi Frand on Parshas Pekudei
These divrei Torah were adapted from the hashkafa portion of Rabbi Yissocher
Frand's Commuter Chavrusah Tapes on the weekly portion: Tape # 366, The
Melacha of Tearing. Good Shabbos!
Thanks from the Recipient's Perspective
The verse says, "Vayevarech osam Moshe," and Moshe blessed them. After
Moshe saw that the entire Mishkan was completed as G-d had commanded, he
blessed the people. The Medrash comments that this is a source for the
custom of giving people a compliment of "Yasher Kochacha" [well done] upon
successful completion of a task. After the Jewish people did everything
they were supposed to do, Moshe Rabbeinu gave them a "Thank you".
The Reishe Rav questions why they were deserving of any compliments. This
was not a voluntary action on their part. They merely did that which G-d
commanded them to do. They really had no choice in the matter! The
specifications of the construction of the Mishkan were dictated down to the
This teaches us a fundamental principle in the concept of "Hakaras HaTov"
[recognition of a debt of gratitude]. A person has an obligation to say
thank you and 'Yasher Kochacha' when he receives something. The fact that
the person who gave or did something had no choice in the matter and was
merely doing his duty is irrelevant.
The Mishneh in Tractate Sheviis [4:2] says that the poor people, who are
entitled to take the ownerless crops in the Seventh (Shmita) year, would
nevertheless go to the owner of the field and say 'Thank you'. [They
thanked the owner, even though the owner had no choice but to allow the
poor to take the crop from his field during that year.]
The Rasha"sh comments that this Mishneh is the source of the widespread
practice that when the Kohen descends from the platform after blessing the
people with the Priestly Blessing, the members of the congregation thank him
for the blessing.
The Rasha"sh points out that the Kohen also does not really have any
choice. If he would not offer the blessing, he would be neglecting the
fulfillment of a positive Biblical command. "Why should I have to thank
him for just doing 'his thing'?" The Rasha"sh says that we learn to say
thank you in this case from the Mishneh in Sheviis. The circumstances
which caused the giver to provide me with something does not diminish my
obligation to thank him by one iota. Saying 'Thank you' has nothing to do
with what one gave. It has to do with what one received.
This is the Jewish understanding of the concept of saying 'Thank you'.
Transcribed by David
Twersky; Seattle, Washington.
Technical Assistance by Dovid
This write-up was adapted from the hashkafa portion of Rabbi Yissocher
Frand's Commuter Chavrusah Torah Tape series on the weekly Torah portion.
The complete list of halachic topics covered in this series for Parshas
Pekudei are provided below:
- Tape # 047 - Pikuach Nefesh: To Save a Life
- Tape # 090 - The Melacha of Carrying.
- Tape # 138 - The Melacha of Tying Knots
- Tape # 185 - The Melacha of Writing
- Tape # 231 - Making A Siyum
- Tape # 275 - Electricity in Halacha
- Tape # 321 - Leap Year and the Second Adar
- Tape # 365 - The Melacha of Tearing
- Tape # 409 - The Melacha of Melabain (Laundering)
- Tape # 453 - Wearing a Watch on Shabbos
- Tape # 497 - The Tefillah of B'rich Sh'mei
- Tape # 541 - Learning Kabbalah
- Tape # 585 - The Melacha of Trapping
- Tape # 629 - Sitting in Judgement on Shabos
- Tape # 672 - The Mishebeirach in Halacha
- Tape # 673 - Putting a Sefer Torah in the Aron
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