A student of Rabbi Yisroel Salanter once approached him with the following dilemma. "I've been a
shochet (ritual slaughterer) for many years. As I grow older, I become more concerned about my
responsibilities. The fear of causing others to eat non-kosher meat is overwhelming. I would like to stop
slaughtering and go into business instead!" Rabbi Yisroel Salanter asked him, "Are you an expert
in the laws of slaughtering?" "Of course, Rebbe, I have studied the laws of shechita for many
years!" Rabbi Yisroel Salanter then asked, "Are you expert in the laws of business?" The
student laughed, "Of course not, very few people learn Choshen Mishpat (the section in the Shulchan
Oruch [The Code of Jewish Law] that discusses business law)!" Said Rabbi Yisroel Salanter, "You
are not making any sense - If you are prepared to stop slaughtering because of your fear of sinning, even
though you are an expert in the laws, how much more so should you fear sinning in business, in which you
have no expertise in its halachos!"
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Any posek (halachic authority) will tell you that even though he may receive sha'alos (halachic queries) on
the laws of Shabbos, Kashrus, blessings, etc. the sha'alos on Choshen Mishpat are few and far between.
When it comes to our own finances and business dealings, we prefer to be our own poskim (halachic
authorities). Ignorance of these laws, coupled with a vested interest make for a very dangerous
The purpose of this class is to acquaint readers with everyday Business-Halacha situations that can arise at
any time and the concepts that a Rabbi may use to address them. The class will initially be based on
translations of a weekly business law column by Rabbi Tzvi Shpitz, a Rosh Kollel and Av Bais Din in
Ramot, Jerusalem. The translation is being done by Rabbi Aaron
Tendler of Yeshivas Ner Yisroel in Baltimore. Rabbi Tendler accepts full responsibility for the
accuracy of the translation and will be happy to fax originals of the articles in Hebrew to anyone interested.
These classes are on an advanced level and will presume familiarity with basic halachic concepts, such as
sofek, chazakah, etc... Although the bottom line halachic p'sak (ruling) is stated, the intention is not to be
the final say, rather to provide food for thought, and whenever possible, a competent Rabbi should be
Additionally, the column is based on actual questions that have come before Rabbi Shpitz's Bais Din in
Jerusalem. Very often the variables will change when applied to other societies where the accepted custom
We hope you find this class informative and stimulating!
Feedback is appreciated and can be sent to [email protected].
Please Note: The purpose of this column is to make people aware of Choshen Mishpat situations
that can arise at any time, and the Halachic concepts that may be used to resolve them. Each individual
situation must be resolved by an objective, competent Bais Din (or Rabbinic Arbitrator) in the presence of
all parties involved!
VAYIKRA AND PESACH:
Providing for the Needy
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5756
The Great Shabbos
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5768
Who Knows One?
Rabbi Label Lam - 5772
Blood Liable (Not Libel)
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5766
Fate and Purpose
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5765
Pesach Answers - Chad Gadya
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766
Look Up to Go Up
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5758
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5772
Good ‘Till the Last Drop
Rabbi Label Lam - 5769
In the Heart of “This Night”
Rabbi Label Lam - 5770
The Great Shabbat
Shlomo Katz - 5764
A Holy Nation?
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5755
Who Knows One?
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758
Taking It Personally
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5764
Little Aleph Teaches Big Lesson
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5772
To Express a Higher Yes!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5766